( PS2) is a house video game console established as well as marketed by Sony Computer System Amusement. It was first released in Japan on March 4, 2000, in North America on October 26, 2000, in Europe on November 24, 2000, and in Australia on November 30, 2000. It is the follower to the original PlayStation, in addition to the 2nd installment in the PlayStation console line-up. A sixth-generation console, it took on Sega’s Dreamcast, Nintendo’s GameCube, and Microsoft’s initial Xbox.
Declared in 1999, the PS2 used backward-compatibility for its precursor’s DualShock controller, along with its video games. The bios ps2 is the very successful video game console of perpetuity, having marketed over 155 million devices worldwide.Over 3,800 video game titles have actually been launched for the PS2, with over 1.5 billion copies sold.Sony later produced several smaller sized, lighter revisions of the console referred to as Slimline versions in 2004.
Despite the launch of its follower, the PlayStation 3, the PS2 stayed prominent well right into the seventh generation. It remained to be generated until 2013 when Sony finally announced that it had been stopped after over twelve years of production– one of the longest lifespans of a computer game console. Regardless of the announcement, brand-new games for the console remained to be created until the end of 2013, including Last Dream XI: Hunters of Adoulin for Japan, FIFA 14 for North America, and also Pro Development Football 2014 for Europe. Repair services for the system in Japan ended on September 7, 2018.

Background

Though Sony has actually maintained information of the PlayStation 2’s advancement secret, work on the console started around the moment that the initial PlayStation was released (in late 1994). Experts mentioned that it was developed in the United State West Coastline by former members of Argonaut Software.By 1997 word had actually dripped to journalism that the console would have backward-compatibility with the original PlayStation, a built-in DVD gamer, and Web connectivity.Officially, nonetheless, Sony continued to refute that a successor to the PlayStation was being developed. Sony announced the PlayStation 2 (PS2) on March 1, 1999. The video game console was positioned as a rival to Sega’s Dreamcast, the very first sixth-generation console to be released, although ultimately the major rivals of the PS2 were Nintendo’s GameCube and Microsoft’s Xbox.The Dreamcast itself launched really effectively in North America later on that year, selling over 500,000 systems within 2 weeks.
Not long after the Dreamcast’s North American launch, Sony revealed the PlayStation 2 at the Tokyo Game Show on September 20, 1999. Sony showed totally usable demos of future PlayStation 2 games consisting of Grandmother Turismo 2000 ( later on launched as Grandmother Turismo 3: A-Spec) as well as Tekken Tag Competition– which revealed the console’s graphic capabilities and also power.
The PS2 was released in March 2000 in Japan, October in North America, as well as November in Europe. Sales of the console, video games and devices drew in $250 million on the initial day, defeating the $97 million made on the first day of the Dreamcast.Directly after its release, it was challenging to locate PS2 devices on seller shelves due to manufacturing hold-ups. Another choice was acquiring the console online via public auction sites such as ebay.com, where individuals paid over a thousand bucks for the console. The PS2 originally offered well partially on the basis of the strength of the PlayStation brand and also the console’s backward-compatibility, marketing over 980,000 systems in Japan by March 5, 2000, someday after launch. This allowed the PS2 to tap the large set up base established by the PlayStation– an additional significant marketing factor over the competitors. Later, Sony added brand-new advancement kits for game developers and also even more PS2 systems for customers. The PS2’s built-in capability additionally expanded its target market beyond the player, as its debut rates was the same or less than a standalone DVD player. This made the console an affordable entry into the house cinema market.

Equipment

Software for the PlayStation 2 was distributed largely on DVD-ROM, with some titles being published on CD-ROM. In addition, the console can play audio CDs as well as DVD flicks and also is backward-compatible with almost all initial PlayStation video games. The PlayStation 2 likewise sustains PlayStation sd card and also controllers, although initial PlayStation memory cards will only collaborate with initial PlayStation games and also the controllers might not support all functions (such as analog switches) for PlayStation 2 video games.
The common PlayStation 2 sd card has an 8 MB capacity.There are a variety of non-Sony manufactured sd card offered for the PlayStation 2, allowing for a memory ability larger than the common 8 MB.
The console likewise includes 2 USB ports, and also 1 IEEE 1394 ( Firewire) port (SCPH-10000 to 3900x only). A hard disk drive can be set up in an development bay on the back of the console, as well as is needed to play certain games, especially the prominent Last Dream XI.This is only available on specific models.
The console makes use of the Emotion Engine CPU, custom-made by Sony and also Toshiba as well as based on the MIPS style with a floating factor efficiency of 6.2 GFLOPS.The GPU is furthermore custom-designed for the console and called the Graphics Synthesizer, with a fillrate of 2.4 gigapixels/second, with the ability of providing approximately 75 million polygons per second.When bookkeeping for attributes such as lighting, texture mapping, expert system, as well as game physics, it has a real-world efficiency of 3 million to 16 million polygons per secondly.

Video as well as audio

The PlayStation 2 can natively outcome video clip resolutions on SDTV as well as HDTV from 480i to 480p while other video games, such as Grandma Turismo 4 as well as Traveler Trophy are known to sustain up-scaled 1080i resolution using any of the following requirements: composite video clip( 480i), S-Video (480i), RGB( 480i/p), VGA( for progressive check video games as well as PS2 Linux just), YPBPR component video clip ( which show most initial PlayStation games in their indigenous 240p mode which a lot of HDTV collections do not assistance), and also D-Terminal. Wires are offered for every one of these signal kinds; these wires additionally result analog stereo sound. Additionally, an RF modulator is available for the system to connect to older TVs.
Digital (S/PDIF) sound may also be result by the console by means of its TOSLINK connectorwhich outputs 2.0 PCM, 5.1, and also 6.1 network noise in Dolby Digital, Dolby Digital Surround Ex Lover, DTS, And also DTS-ES layouts.

Games

PlayStation 2 software program is distributed on CD-ROM and also DVD-ROM; the two layouts are distinguished by their discs’ bases, with CD-ROMs being blue as well as DVD-ROMs being silver. The PlayStation 2 provided some specifically top-level unique video games. Many primary access in the Grand Theft Automobile, Last Dream, as well as Steel Equipment Strong series were launched solely for the console. Several respected series got their start on the PlayStation 2, consisting of God of Battle, Ratchet & Clank, Jak and also Daxter, Devil May Cry, Kingdom Hearts, as well as Sly Cooper. Grand Burglary Car: San Andreas was the very successful video game on the console.
Game releases peaked in 2004, but declined with the release of the PlayStation 3 in 2006. The last brand-new games for the console were Final Dream XI: Candidates of Adoulin in Asia, FIFA 14 in The United States and Canada, and also Pro Advancement Football 2014 in Europe. As of June 30, 2007, a total of 10,035 software application titles had been launched worldwide including video games launched in several areas as different titles.